Un sistema politico liberale senza ideologia liberale? Italia 1860-1970

Un sistema politico liberale senza ideologia liberale? Italia 1860-1970
Autore: Paolo Pombeni
Testata: Storica
Numero: 53 • anno XVIII, 2012



A liberal political system without liberal ideology? Italy 1860-1970
It might seem odd to claim that the political system of the newly united Italy had trouble with a liberal ideology. In fact, despite the strong liberal sentiment which moved the founding fathers of new Italy at the turning point of second half of 19th century, we can find many reasons to agree with Romanelli’s statement that the constitutional system was based on an «impossible command», the order to be free. The relationship between the power of the state and the defence of civic liberties, especially that connected with a «communitarian » approach was never an easy nut to crack for Italian liberal thinkers. They constantly feared that their «national» ideology could be challenged by more sectional antithetic ideologies (catholic, socialist, etc.) compromising the solidity of the State. Only with the Republican Charter of 1948 a new approach emerged, sympathetic with the «communitarian dimension» of politics. Curiously enough, the promotion of such a change of mind, which in an Anglo-Saxon context would be considered truly liberal, was left to intellectuals linked to social catholic movement, who saw themselves as anti-liberals. The official Italian liberals remained instead suspicious of this new direction, seen as a betrayal of their tradition.

Parole chiave: Liberalismo italiano; Ideologie Costituzionali; Costituzioni Italiana; Sistema politico italiano 1860-1970
Keywords: Italian Liberalism; Constitutional Ideologies; Italian Constitutions; Italian Political System 1860-1970