Marco Gardini is postdoctoral fellow at the University of Milano-Bicocca. From 2006 to 2012 he has conducted research in Togo on witchcraft accusations, access to land, and the relation between land conflicts’ resolution and the renegotiation of the legitimacy of local and national authorities. In 2013, he obtained his Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Milano-Bicocca in co-partnership with the University of Bayreuth, with a thesis of historical anthropology on land conflicts in Togo. From 2014 to 2018, he has collaborated with the ERC Project 313737 “Shadows of Slavery in West Africa and Beyond: A Historical Anthropology” with a research project that explored continuities and discontinuities in the forms of labour exploitation on the highlands of Madagascar, where he has conducted fieldwork since 2013. In 2018, he started his collaboration with the project TAAD (The Aging African Diaspora: Perspectives from Lombardia).