Luigi Guarnieri Calò Carducci, La controversia sobre el chocolate en el siglo XVII. Entre la medicina y la moral [The Controversy on Chocolate in the Seventeenth Century: Between Medicine and Moral Theology.]
Chocolate consumption increased between the Seventeenth and the Eighteenth centuries, especially in the countries of southern Europe, Spain and Italy. In the Seventeenth century the Jesuits, admitting the use of it as a “poor” drink, during periods of fasting, as a substitute for food, contributed to spreading its consumption in the ecclesiastical sphere and, more generally, in the aristocratic circles. In this study I analyze some of the consequences, from the doctrinal point of view, of the spread of chocolate’s consumption in Europe, reading some documents of the time and the most recent bibliography.
Keywords: Chocolate – Food – Medicine – Public morality – Seventeenth century