If there is one constant in the history of Christianity and especially of the Western Church, it is its deep desire to be connected with its own past. From the perspective of the longue durée, it might even be possible to state that a meditation on Christian origins was a common and widespread response used throughout history in the face of each great moment of crisis within the Church. In those situations, the rhetoric produced by the Church was always aimed at emphasizing a desire to return to these mythical roots, the ideal community, a pure and radical Christianity.
The question underlying this book is the way in which this desire for the past provides the occasion to re-live, re-think and re-create Christian origins. More precisely, the crux of our work is to understand how this desire can transform and rewrite the past both in materiality – with restorations of ancient monuments – and in ideas – writing history. In this book, the main focus of attention is dedicated to three key moments, corresponding more or less to three crucial episodes in the history of the Catholic Church in the modern era. The first of these three is the Reformation and subsequent Counter-Reformation, between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Second comes the moment in which the Catholic Church lost its temporal power during the Unification of Italy and the “spiritual” reaction culminating with the First Vatican Council (1869-1870). Lastly is the period before and after the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), which can be considered the most significant reaction of Catholicism towards modernity.
Contributors: N. Barbolani di Montauto, X. Barral i Altet, N. Bock, V. Cantone, S. Cracolici, A. Di Croce, S. D’Ovidio, I. Foletti, J. Gebhardt, M. Gianandrea, O. Jakubec, J. Klípa, V. Lucherini, F. Malesevic, S. Pierguidi, C. Piva, S. Rosenbergová, M. Santanicchia, E. Scirocco, I. Fiumi Sermattei, A. Tranchina.
- Ivan Foletti, Manuela Gianandrea, Serena Romano, Elisabetta Scirocco, Introduction
- I. The Counter-Reformation Period and the Imaginary Past
- Ondřej Jakubec, Tradition and Counter-Reformation. Church History as a Subject of Confessional Legitimacy, Identity and Polemic in Central Europe (Moravia) around 1600
- Alessandra Di Croce, Christian Antiquity and its Material Legacy in Post-Tridentine Rome
- Antonino Tranchina, The Recovery of “Greek” Images during the Catholic Reformation: The Madonna Greca in Ravenna and the Madonna dello Spasimo in Messina
- Filip Malesevic, «Honores Roma vetus debet quos nova Roma tibit». Antonio Tempesta’s Iconographic Program in the Loggia Gregoriana
- Stefano D’Ovidio, La trasformazione dello spazio liturgico nelle chiese medievali di Napoli durante il XVI secolo: alcuni casi di studio
- Stefano Pierguidi, Fedeltà alle fonti e rispetto della tradizione nell’età della Controriforma: gli apostoli presenti all’Assunzione di Maria al tempo dei Carracci
- Johannes Gebhardt, The Crucifix in the Santuario Santissimo Crocifisso alla Collegiata in Monreale: The Unveiling of a Cult Image in Post-Tridentine Sicily
- Novella Barbolani di Montauto, Agostino Ciampelli nella Roma post-tridentina
- II. Christian Roots as Guarantees of Prestige and Primacy
- Nicolas Bock, Art and the Origins of Authority: Prussia, from Ravenna to Byzantium and the Romanesque
- Vinni Lucherini, La memoria monumentale dei “christianissimi” re angioini di Napoli: manipolazioni storiografiche e artistiche tra Cinque e Seicento
- Ilaria Fiumi Sermattei, What Origins for the Restoration of the Church? Remote Past and Recent History in Leo XII’s Cultural Policy
- Stefano Cracolici, Fabiola in cartolina: un percorso a ritroso da Guazzoni a Kanzler
- Chiara Piva, Girolamo Francesco Zanetti and Dell’origine di alcune arti principali appresso i Viniziani
- Mirko Santanicchia, The Origins of “Sacred Umbria”. The Basilica of Assisi and Francis in the Nineteenth Century: “Vir Catholicus” or “Alter Orpheus”?
- Ivan Foletti, L’exposition des icônes de 1913 à Saint-Pétersbourg: la découverte des origines chrétiennes russes
- III. Before and After the Second Vatican Council and the Myth of Origins
- Sabina Rosenbergová, The Myth of the Cathedra Petri
- Valentina Cantone, Contextualizing the Restoration of the Martyrium of St Prosdocimus in Padua
- Jan Klípa, Finding Future in the Past? Liturgical Reform after the Second Vatican Council and Liturgical Space
- Xavier Barral i Altet, L’architecture religieuse en Catalogne (1939-1963): entre national-catholicisme, paléochrétien et modernité
- Manuela Gianandrea, Elisabetta Scirocco, Sistema liturgico, memoria del passato, sintesi retorica. L’arredo ecclesiastico medievale in Italia dalla Controriforma al post-Vaticano II
- Index of names
- Index of places