Since 1940, thousands of southerners began to be employed in the war production of the III Reich, above all as industrial workers. Just up today, their history has not aroused the attention of historiography, if not for quick and fleeting hints, while the question deserves a specific treatment. For example, it should be clarified how much of the poor emigration of peasants (to move were largely industrial workers) was due to the ruralist policies of the regime and how much to the specific German demands, which were badly suited to the productive habits of the South and the structure of their agriculture. The south was dotted with small peasant owners and not of landless laborers, so in themselves less willing to leave the territory of origin to venture into other shores. The impression is that to want to leave were the non-tenants or those who received very low wages, as clearly emerges for Ragusa, Catanzaro and Cosenza. Agricultural unemployment was absorbed by the calls to arms, not by the departures for the Reich, which seem not to have been a lot. On the contrary, emigration to Germany was decisive in alleviating unemployment in the industrial sector, especially in construction. However, it was only a cup. With the end of the war and the return of the veterans, the problem would reoccur with the same virulence as ever.
Keywords: Emigration, War, War Production, Southern Question.