Come votano le periferie? La «terza città» alle elezioni comunali di Torino 2016

Autori: Cristopher Cepernich, Davide Pellegrino, Antonio Cittadino
In: Meridiana. 92
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The 2016 Municipal elections in the largest urban centres have confirmed a radical transformation of the electoral geography in Italy. This electoral change shows two essential features. First, the «breakthrough candidate» victory, who usually is anti-system narratives carrier, qualified as the outsider in the political scenario. Second, the defeat incumbent candidate, stigmatized as a dysfunctional option pro-establishment by anti-system parties. This essay aims to explain and map how the vote was structured geographically in major Italian cities. The case study is given by the Turin 2016 Municipal elections that is paradigmatic of the deep current changes in the actual political framework. The analysis of the electoral geography is carried out on the mesoscale of the city neighbourhood. All the 919 precincts composing the «electoral city» have been considered, in order to explain and visualize voting behaviour as territorially based. The anti-establishment vote discloses a complex electoral geography, which cannot be explained with a basic central/periphery dichotomy. On the basis of a «vote for change» location quotient, we identify three electoral areas: on one side, the centre where the centre-left incumbent candidate clearly wins, in continuity with the political history of the city. On the other side, the periphery where the anti-establishment candidate clearly wins. In between, the semi-periphery, that is a third zone in which the gap among competitors is contained, showing a high differentiated political scenario. This confirms how the periphery is plural and differentiated in electoral and political terms.

Keywords: 2016 Municipal elections; Centre-periphery cleavage; Anti-system party; Turin.