Memory is a valuable source for the history of Nazi and Fascist deportations. History is a required source for the memory of deportation. As Anna Rossi-Doria wrote: «There are many common threads between history and memory [...] it is necessary to launch a sort of reconciliation between history and memory». Undoubtedly, even seventy-three years after the Liberation, deportation, as a whole, is a kind of event that seems irreducible to the common interpretive categories of history. The transition from memory to history has been repeatedly demanded by deportees, but their experience has remained on the margins of historiography for a long time. This paper is based on this conflicting but necessary interweaving.