Una colonizzazione tecnologica ed economica. Produzione e distribuzione della quarta gamma nella Piana del Sele

Autore: Gennaro Avallone
In: Meridiana. 93
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Ready-to-be-consumed fruit and vegetables have growingly spread in the last two decades. In Italy, the production of the «fourth range» (ready-to-eat fresh-cut vegetable) is concentrated in the provinces of Bergamo and Salerno (Piana del Sele). In the latter area, the 50-60% of the Italian fourth-range salads is produced. Since the late 1990s, the diffusion of this production has been changing the economic and technological landscape of the Piana del Sele, its labour market and the relationships within the supply chain, orienting the local agriculture towards non-local and international markets. This article describes such transformations, by using statistical data and then focusing on both the power relations in the supply chain and the role of labour. The article is based on a research study realized between 2013 and 2017 in the Piana del Sele, through an ethnography with migrant workers and interviews with farmers, especially those involved in the fourth-range production, as well as with representatives of farmers’ associations.

Keywords: Supply chain relationships; Agricultural enclaves; Agricultural labour.