Homeschooling. Appunti su una pratica educativa al confine tra comunitarismo e individualismo libertarian

Autori: Giovanni Damele, Paolo Di Motoli
In: Meridiana. 94
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Abstract

Homeschooling or parental schooling is a new phenomenon in Italy, while it is well established and numerically present in Anglophone countries. With this practice, education takes place within the family, even where it is considered the prerogative of the State and institutions recognized by public agencies. In other words, those who practice homeschooling remove themselves from a «public» context in favor of an individualized education. In short, this practice seems to suggest a sort of contrast between respect for individual particularities, on the one hand, and the group (society) with its potential but also with the risks of restricting individual liberties. Parents who put this type of education into practice for their children primarily refer to the principle of freedom of choice. The cultural strands that give rise to this option are different. At times, the insistence on individual choice on the part of the parents and the learner presents characteristics typical of libertarian thought, understood as a radical interpretation of liberal individualism, which can lead to anarchist outcomes. However, even in this field, the apparently paradoxical outcome of an individualist choice can be a communitarian-type solution, whose potential for limiting the freedom of choice and development of the individual may be even greater than in the case of public education.

Keywords: Homeschooling; Unschooling; Individualism; Minimal State.