La dynamique du phénomène migratoire en Guinée : aspirations de mobilité sociale et inégalités d’accès à la migration

Autore: Abdoulaye Wotem Somparé
In: Africa. N.S. I/2,2019
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This article tries to explore the mutation of migrations in Guinea. By adopting a historical perspective, the article shows how migrations have been changing according to migratory culture of different ethnical groups and affiliation to migratory networks. It focuses on the inequalities to the access to migrations, caused by the individuals’ different positions in lineages, communities and global society, that lead to the formulation of different migratory strategies. After arguing that the main motivation of Guinean migrants is a quest of upward social mobility, the article recalls the difference between objective and subjective mobility, that thrives the migratory imaginary. Finally, in a perspective of dynamic socio-anthropology, migration is considered as an historical construction that is associated with internal dynamisms of Diakhanké communities in the Boke region. The observation of this community in 2017 reveals a transformation of migrations, namely in terms of democratization of the possibility to migrate for ethnic groups not affiliated to migratory networks, but also for youngsters and women who migrate individually, without taking into account the advice of the community and the extended family. On one hand, by elaborating alone their migratory project, many young people have tried to emancipate from their elders; on the other hand, young women can realize their dream independently from their husbands’ consent or the decision made by parents and elderly people.

Keywords: Migration, Guinea, Social and Geographical Mobility, Inequalities in Access to Migration, Migratory Networks, Diakhanké, Conakry, Boké Region.