The article focuses on the social context and the parliamentary debate that anticipated the promulgation of the Martelli Law (d.l. 416 of the 1989, transformed into L. in 1990), in order to analyze the Law’s main innovations and their ratios. The paper aims at shedding light on the implications and connections between the «founding period» of immigration law in Italy and the policies developed in the following years. In particular, the article focuses on the managing of migrant labor on the Italian territory through a set of dysfunctions which are actually functional to the Italian socio-economic context.
Keywords: Migration policies, «Martelli law», migrants and labour market