Oltre il dualismo città/campagna: il parco agricolo come strumento di politiche e nuove economie

Autori: Valentina Anzoise, Matilde Ferretto
In: Meridiana. 98
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The expectation of greater opportunities and a better life was, and still is, the main reason for the migration of large number of people from rural to urban areas, and it has led to the growing urbanization of large portions of the territory. Compared to the past, however, the expansion of the city and the retreating of the countryside have given rise to the proliferation of new suburbs, residual agriculture and uncultivated spaces, a sort of third space, where it is no longer possible to identify a border that separates the two realities, often inhabited by communities indifferent to both the city and the countryside. As a matter of fact, lost the motivation of a hierarchy between the two, cities and countryside need – even in contemporary societies – one each other and this third space can become a vital space, where the services and infrastructures, typical of the urban areas can favour the life of those people still tied to the rural environment, and these in turn can offer to the city both public and consumer goods and services (respectively, such as ecosystem and landscape services and short-chain products and leisure services). However, it is necessary that proper governance policies and tools are adopted that can support the management of the needs and the valorisation of the resources of those who work in this space, i.e. all those who in recent decades have experienced the need and the opportunity to re-invent this sector, diversifying its activities and introducing new skills for their management. If managed in a virtuous way, the agricultural park can be a valid tool to develop the potential of these areas and this sector.

Keywords: periurban landscapes; planning; agricultural park.