Urban Transformation in the Largest Italian Metropolitan Areas
The article is focus on the urban transformation of the 10 largest metropolitan areas in Italy in the last 10 years, based on the 2011 data Census processed by Istat, the Italian National Institute of Statistics. A comprehensive statistical data analysis is provided and benchmarks are proposed between the city centers and the surroundings in terms of the evolution of the population, the households, the social distress, and the employment. The main result is that the social and physical transformations were huge: the population increased for the first time after 20 years stagnation mainly caused by the legal and illegal immigration, the number of households increased either for the numerous one man/one family immigrated people, or for the evolutionary social change of the Italian family institution, the increase in the number of houses located far away the city centers with poor transportation facilities, lack of local public and private services. The lack of public finance caused by the European Treaty gave rise to a pro-market local policy approaches that failed to coordinate houses locations, jobs, and public and private services, with huge indirect and external social costs in term of mobility excesses, pollution, and social distress.
Keywords: Urban economics, population and households, urban metropolitan area