Metropolitan Government and Planning Policies:
The Case of Barcellona
The metropolitan region of Barcelona is one of the functional ambits which have been defined by the General Territorial Plan of Catalunya and it covers 10% of the whole Catalan territory. The approval of the correspondent plan (PTMB) has been a very meaningful moment towards the evolution of the metropolitan territory, by marking the starting point of a new phase, in which territorial balance proposals have become a permanent point of reference for the evaluation of transformation processes within the entire region. PTMB has introduced an innovative methodology which bases on a precise process of inter-territorial participation and sharing, outcome of a marked peculiarity of the territory. The relevant elements for the analysis of the used method are three: the facilities system, open spaces network and growth dynamics of rural areas. This has outlined a strategy which is innovative in comparison to the regional environment, the latter has indeed become a second-level one with reference to the method. The critical analysis of the challenges described by the text must also represent a fervid field of work in the new today’s political and economic situation in our Country with reference both to the redefinition processes of the organizational and administrative forms of the territories with infra-regional scale (the Provinces), and to system of processing of vast area in function of the utility of scale of reference (Provincial or Regional one) and how the latter can provide a contribution for the functional reorganization of the territories.
Keywords: Urban region, metropolitan sprawl, government, system of cities