Institutional outlines of the discussion about metropolitan authority
The article examines the institutional profiles of the debate concerning metropolitan authority, starting from the analysis of some relevant European experiences. The example of London shows the performance of a model which is based on the direct election and on the attribution of the most relevant functions to the mayor within a framework connoted by a strict control of the assembly and the citizens. The cases of Barcelona and Paris, which don’t allow the direct election to the organs, show the importance of a construction of the model from the bottom and the utility of a process in which associations, citizens and preexisting local bodies participate. In Italy, the process passed through several never-effected laws now finds a first realization achievement with the «Delrio law», which establishes the constitution starting on 1 January 2015 of a metropolitan authority for each the main urban area of the State. The selected model doesn’t admit direct election to the organs and fixes number, size and functions of the metropolitan authorities according to a uniform pattern imposed on every affected community. In this way, it combines the faults of a choice from the top with the ones of a non-representative system. The hope is that the process already began can obtain more successful and more democratic results in the future, borrowing the best from the experiences of other countries.
Keywords: metropolitan authority, election, functions, institutional models