The guest editors introduce some of the main questions explored in this issue. Stabili and Tirabassi argue that a double exclusion has taken place in Italian historiography, related to both gender and ethnicity. Firstly, the authors note that the historiography on emigration, although representing a rich and important field, especially since the Second World War, has remained at the margins of the official canon of national historiography, while the history of women migrants has not been sufficiently incorporated into the history of migration. Secondly, they denounce a lack of interdisciplinary and intergenerational dialogue between students of women’s history and scholars of migration. Stabili and Tirabassi argue that globalisation, and the impressive population movements that accompanied it, has made even richer and more varied the agenda of themes and issues on the ground; moreover, globalisation encourages us to revisit the past, bringing to this examination new questions and sensibilities. The authors show how the periodization of the history of Italian migration has changed following a reconsideration of the ruptures, continuities and innovations that affected population’s mobility; they underline that such dynamics needs to be understood as the outcomes of processes only partly related to national political developments. Stabili and Tirabassi then present the essays contained in the thematic section, highlighting some common elements. A first common thread is the focus on geographical areas and on newly emerging issues in migration history, outside the field of the great migration. The second, central, communality concerns the effort to bring out the prominence of women in migration history in its different historical phases (from the ancien régime to contemporary mobility), in order to demonstrate the overall relevance of gender analysis to the study of migration.