The electronic communities constitute a new and heterogeneous sociology, since they rely precisely on the absence or impossibility of the face-to-face. In this context, the relation of collective memory to the archive may be seen as evolving two opposite faces. On the one hand, the newer forms of electronic archiving restore the deep link of the archive to popular memory and its practices, returning to the non-of cial actor the capability to choose the way in which traces and documents shall be formed into archives. On the other hand, the electronic archive denaturalizes the relationship of memory and the archive, making the (interactive) archive the basis of collective memory, rather than leaving memory as the substrate which guarantees the ethical value of the archive. Within this frame, migrants are struggling to make the best of the possibilities that are opened to them in the new relationships between migration and mass mediation: for them there is now a greater stock of material from which they can craft the scripts of possible worlds and imagined selves.
Keywords: Collective memory; Electronic archive; Migration.