The Lasts Bourbons. Narratives and Myths of the Lost Duosicilian Nation (1867-1911)
The Bourbon lost cause was a product of the generation of the defeated. The Bourbon rebels and the Catholic partisans mitigated a resistance that had political, ideological aspects in the case of brigandage and above all criminal, but never created against territorial powers (as for confederates), controlled areas (such as carlists) or great traditions ideological (such as French legitimists). Thus, even though they produced myths and symbols in a narrow circuit of southern society, it was easy for Italian nationalist units to exclude them from the of cial nation but to recognize political dignity as well. The Bourbons, like the Austrians and the Papal recited the part of the retreat and oppressive foes in the development of the narrations that consolidated the liberal Risorgimento state, but were also incapable of affecting the beginning of the confrontation on the Southern question. At the same time, the symbolic practices, the rituals, the texts proposed to the public discourse by the generations of the borbonians, dense with regrets, accusations against the winners and the new state, created a basin of memories and useful materials still today a kind of critique of unitary experience.
Keywords: Bourbon Lost Cause; Mezzogiorno Post Unitary; Bourbonism; Legitimate Catholicism; War and Memory.