Storica. 33 • anno XI, 2005.

Testata: Storica • Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
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pp. 186, ISBN: 9788883342288
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«Legami forti» e storia della famiglia in Italia. Questioni di metodo, questioni di genere
Ida Fazio

«Strong ties» and the history of the family in Italy. Questions of method, questions of gender
This study seeks to examine the use, in the social history of modern and contemporary Italy, of the paradigm of the «strong family», currently much used by demographers and sociologists for the study of the family and welfare in the societies of mediterranean Europe. Those historical studies on the family and family ties in Italy which have taken into account the implications of gender and adopted a microana- lytic perspective counsel caution in extending such an inter- pretive framework to historical problems like the departure of the young from the family house, the connection between kinship and assistance, and the relationships between generations, as well as in assuming the naturalness and the enduring quality of «strong ties». The results of such historical research suggest, on the contrary, the possibility of identifying a series of critical phases in the processes of social and cultural construction of the maternal role, of the attribution of assistential responsibilities to the family, and of changes in the familial organization of labour and residence. History thus reveals possibilities for critical interpretation in the shaping of ideas about current welfare policies.

Il Nuovo Mondo non è nuovo: caratteri di una geopolitica campanelliana
Jean-Louis Fournel

The New World isn’t new: elements of a Campanellian geopolitics
The «New World» is a constant presence in the political thought of Campanella for all that it never received a specific treatment in a single work of the author. The presence of the «New World» leads in this article to an original reading of the utopian leanings and the universalism to which Campanella’s reflections on history and politics are most often connected. In this way, an attempt is made in particular to demonstrate how considerations about the New World, as an historic problem, caused Campanella to evolve in his the- oretical conception of the empire, and to assign to Spain of the imperial mission to unify the world (from a strictly historical point of view). The issue at hand is to demonstrate how the application of an old concept (the empire) to a new spatial and temporal reality (the New World of the Spanish conquest) can endow it with new heuristic force and conduce to a reading of history not without interest for our current reflections on the various forms of World History.

Impero, costituzione e diversità nell'America ispanica
Antonio Annino

Empire, constitution and diversity in hispanic America
The historic diversity of Latin America is a theme which dates back to the age of the conquest itself, but which received an extraordinary boost after independence, when the difficulties of nation-state-building created a widely-diffused negative stereotype. This article updates the discussion on the basis of the historiography of recent years, which has created the conditions necessary for definitively overcoming the stereotypes of the past.

Gli affanni della memoria. Un momento di riflessione nella storiografia italiana?
Francesco Benigno

The preoccupations of memory. A moment of reflection in Italian historiography?
Several recent books are linked by a sense of disquiet with respect to the historian’s profession and its transformation. There is fear over growing similarities between history and fiction; revisionist meandering; the loss of focused history in favour of a history which is omnivorous but without any sense of perspective. The historians who ponder this cluster of problems do so in a common vein, essentially autobiographical, founded on an intensive but occasionally slightly ingenuous or unfocused use of memory. The links between history and politics, in particular, come out rather distorted, to the point of inviting some consideration of the profound significance of what can be called a real and true «reflexive moment» in Italian historiography.

Gulag e terrore in Urss nelle analisi di Oleg V. Chlevnjuk
Fabio Bettanin

Gulag and terror in the USSR in the analysis of Oleg V. Chlevnjuk
In the history of the USSR, the Gulag represents at once a physical assemblage of the places of detention and forced labor, and a political and moral concept, a symbol of the capacity of the «archipelago» of camps to influence, with its presence, the life of an entire country. The acquisition of these characteristics was the result of the policy followed by the heads of the Cremlin from the beginning of the 1930s. Bolstered by impressive documentation, the research of Chlevnjuk reconstructs with great effectiveness the salient moments in the formation of the Gulag, capturing the traits which made Stalin’s terror a unique experience in the history of the twentieth century.