Human capital in Southern Italy:
a systemic approach to avoid the low development trap
The paper attempts to provide an explanation of the reasons of the qualitative and quantitative human capital weakness of in Southern Italy. Our analysis identify a low-skills low-quality trap generated by the interaction between supply factors – operating within the education system – and demand factors – located within the productive system. The paper, by considering the main theoretical and empirical contributions, develops a descriptive statistical analysis and an econometric model, which prove the existence obstacles on both supply and demand sides. Only a systemic approach can avoid traps and make development policies really effective.