A Historian of Germany Looks at the Italian City-State
A Historian of Germany Looks at the Italian City-State examines the city-states of central and northern Italy from a transalpine perspective. By asking questions which occur naturally to historians of Germany and Switzerland, it raises methodological issues and investigates four specific aspects: the hinterland as a resource; urban landholding; citizenship in the contado; jurisdictional exclusivity. The comparison reveals both similarities and differences, which offer an agenda for further research.
Emel’jan Ivanovič Pugačëv: una rilettura
Emel’jan Ivanovič Pugačëv: a reconsideration
Nowadays research on E.I. Pugačëv’s revolt in Russia between September 1773 and August 1774 poses two questions of great interest for historians. The first question concerns how useful some categories recently used by historians of Western Europe are for an understanding of the rebellion, as for instance those of «border re-volt» or «Cossack revolt»; the second question involves a reconsideration of the «political» character of what is known as pugačëvščina and its «program». By reassessing the participation in the revolt of different categories of peasants, workers of the Ural smelters and semi-nomadic peoples, the author tries to untangle the knot of the particular power representation and, consequently, of the myth of Peter III that the rebels opposed to the reality of Catherine II’s state.
La caduta di Roma: «fine della civiltà» o fine del tardoantico? Una discussione con Bryan Ward-Perkins
Interventi di Enrico Zanini e Alba Maria Orselli
A discussion with Bryan Ward-Perkins
This is the second part of a two-part forum on Bryan Ward Perkins’ The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilisation (Oxford-New York 2005). W.-P. addressed the great theme of end of the ancient world and the transition to the Middle Ages with the objective of challenging the categories that have prevailed among scholars in the last few decades – particularly that of «late antiquity» – and the way in which an era of Western history has been re-interpreted as one of continuity, rather than sharp break, and of compatibility and osmosis, rather than conflict, between cultures. The first text by Luigi Canetti explains why a discussion is needed and compares the «neo-orthodox» positions of late antiquists with W.-P.’s thesis. The second and third texts, by Andrea Augenti and Enrico Zanini respectively, offer the crucial perspective of archaeologists. The fourth text, by Alba Maria Orselli, represents the equally crucial point of view of religious historians. Zanini’s and Orselli’s essays, as well as a reply by Ward-Perkins himself.