The ways of the decline of a representation model: the southern political
class in the governments of the Italian transition
This article aims to describe and analyze the relationship between national government and territorial representation during the so called Italian transition. In particular, after a period of about fifty years (1946-94) during which a kind of «Southern hegemony» based on individual and electoral responsiveness was consolidated, the main research question that needs to be asked is: what were the subsequent developments which characterized the period from 1994 to the last government led by Silvio Berlusconi? More specifically, how did Southern representation evolve? Did new sub-cultural hegemonies arise? Did significant changes occur between coalitions of new bipolarism? Examining the evolution of government’s parliamentarization as well as that of the biographical sketches of the members of government, we find a sharp decline of Southern representation associated with an as much sharp decline of traditional representative model based on responsiveness. This result associates centre-left and centre-right coalitions, even if through rather different ways.