Water Market. Politics,
Institutions and Conflicts in Bagheria Citrus District (20th century)
In the 19th century, in the countryside of Palermo, water had a market price and was even used as an instrument of threat to control the territory. In the beginning of the 20th century, the landowners of Bagheria decided to create an irrigation union. The association wanted to free the peasants from the monopoly system and criminal control of resources. At last, citrus production increased; in the other side the new water management strengthened the dominant groups and did not reduce social conflict.