Il costo degli stati. Politica e prelievo nell’Occidente medievale (VI-XIV secolo)
Sandro Carocci e Simone M. Collavini
The cost of states. Politics and exactions in the
medieval West (sixth to fourteenth centuries)
What were the models and ideal-types through which historians of the medieval West have approached the topic of the financing of the state and other institutions? First conceived in the context of a meeting between historians of the Christian West, Islam and of Byzantium, this paper offers a historiographical analysis, highlighting some contradictions and suggesting new avenues of research. The focus is on three basic questions: 1) Who financed the creation and functioning of political structures and how? 2) How were political structures themselves influenced by the forms of their funding? 3) What were the social and economic consequences of the circulation of resources that originated in politics?
Parole chiave: Stati medievali, Imposte, Signoria, New Fiscal History
Keywords: Medieval States, Taxes, Lordship, New Fiscal History
Violence fascism and fascistization: some comparative
reflexions from Spanish experience
Almost no historian has spoken of fascism in Franco’s Spain without denying it altogether, modifying its conceptual boundaries or adding terminological parameters (para-, proto-, pseudo-, -ized). In this paper, through a critical review of some of the central features in the field of historical interpretation of fascism, comparative analysis is employed to re-examine the current characterization of the Franco Regime and identify it as fascist during the Civil wartime and immediate post-war period. In examining some of the latest historiographical debates and advances, this paper proposes a coherent lecture of Spanish fascism.
Parole chiave: Spagna, Guerra civile, Fascismo, Violenza, Storia comparata
Keywords: Spain, Civil War, Fascism, Violence, Comparative History
On Salvatore Settis’s
Paesaggio Costituzione Cemento
The book written by Salvatore Settis represents at the same time an academic, well researched study on the story of landscape and heritage preservation in Italy and a harsh denunciation of the failure of the Italian ruling elites in implementing effective conservation politics. The author illustrates the scientific and political value of the book, discusses its main argumentations and highlights some contradictions whose further analysis could enrich the flourishing Italian debate on the subject.
Parole chiave: Italia, Paesaggio, Tutela, Storia
Keywords: Italy, Landscape, Preservation, History