La signoria rurale nell’Italia del tardo medioevo
Sandro Carocci, Federico Del Tredici
Lordship in Late Medieval Italy
The authors reconstruct the geography of lordships throughout Italy, which was characterised in the late Middle Ages by an increase in seigneurial presence. They propose a typology of the various lordships and re-examine the classic theme of the relationship between states and lords. They then investigate the nature of the relationship between lords and subjects, with an emphasis on the pervasiveness and consensual nature of lordship, the theme of communalisation, and the economic meaning of lordships. Lastly, the article questions whether it is possible to identify a specific form of Italian lordship.
Keywords: Lordship; Medieval Italy; Rural Communities; Renaissance State
La setta del male. L’affaire Mano Negra (1878-83)
The Sect of Evil: The Mano Negra Affair (1878-83)
The article examines the Mano Negra affair, a case study on the construction of «evil», both social and political, in the second half of the 19th century. The case revolved around the alleged discovery and persecution of a secret society that lay on the border between anarchist maximalism and rural criminality in Andalusia between the late 1870s and early 1880s. The article analyzes the affair as part of the 19th-century European counter-revolutionary tradition and the emerging criminalization of anarchism. Finally, the author considers the event within the context of the transnational repression of the internationalist anarchist movement.
Keywords: Counter-Revolution; Repression; Anarchism; Criminality
La memoria imperfetta. Napoleone e la storia
Daniele Di Bartolomeo
The Imperfect Memory: Napoleon and History
The author discusses three volumes published on the bicentenary of Napoleon Bonaparte’s death: Ei fu by Vittorio Criscuolo; L’ultima stanza di Napoleone by Luigi Mascilli Migliorini, dedicated to the last moments of the emperor’s life and the construction of his memory; and Il naufrago e il dominatore by Antonio De Francesco, which traces his internal political vicissitudes, analyzing in particular his relationship to the French Revolution. The article reflects on the influence memorial re-elaborations – and, more generally, the political use of history – exert not only on the reconstruction of past events, but also on the shaping and unfolding of future events.
Keywords: Napoleon Bonaparte; French Revolution; Memory; History
Global Calvinism and Protestant Empires. Maghenzani legge Parker
Charles Parker’s book investigates how Protestant missions and empires intertwined in the early modern period, focusing on the complexity of religious practices, the coexistence of different faiths, the conversion strategies of missionaries, and their ambivalence toward colonial practices. Here, Maghenzani explores the difference between Protestant and Catholic missions, the role of material culture, and the limits of using the historiographical category of «global Protestantism». The discussion concludes with an examination of the continuities of missionary activities in the contemporary period and their impact on both colonial contexts and Europe.
Keywords: Calvinism; Netherlands; Empire; Missions
Una rivoluzione nord-europea. Clemente legge Kwass
A Northern European Revolution
Michael Kwass’ book comprises a comprehensive and updated account of the multi-layered transformation of consumer paradigms and material artifacts in 17th- and 18th-century Europe. Addressing the intricate interplay of economic, cultural, social, and political factors, this monograph offers an excellent synthesis of the extensive historiography on the subject. One limitation, however, is that the consumer revolution is seen purely as a northern European phenomenon.
Keywords: Consumer Revolution; Early Modern Europe; Enlightenment; Consumerism
Racconti di giustizia settecenteschi. Tatasciore legge Palmieri
Narratives of Justice in the 18th Century
Taking a cause célèbre in 18th-century Naples as its starting point, Pasquale Palmieri’s book takes an in-depth look at communication and at the political implications of narratives of justice. Due to the overwhelming circulation of news today, the field of communication has inspired interest among social scientists and historians in recent decades. This article reflects on media and crime in the public arena of the ancien régime.
Keywords: Crime; Media; Naples; 18th century
Una giornata particolare: il 9 termidoro. Benigno legge Jones
A Unique Day: 9 Thermidor
Colin Jones’ volume reconstructs the day of 9 Thermidor in Paris, a crucial date marking the end of the period of the so-called Terror and the opening of a new political phase, that of the Directory. Jones uses an engaging technique, recounting the life of the city during those twenty-four hours in detail, with each chapter addressing one hour of that day. This article examines the benefits and limitations of this approach.
Keywords: French Revolution; 9 Thermidor; Robespierre; Terror
The Never-Ending Journey of the Commune
This book’s novel approach sheds new light on the commune before, during, and after the events of 1871. Quentin Deluermoz’s reinterpretation of the commune from a global standpoint emphasizes the international impact of a revolution whose ability to fascinate readers transcends space and time. The article underlines the major achievements but also some of the problems raised by the analytical perspective used here.
Keywords: Commune; History of Revolution; Global history; Liberalism